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2. CLOGWYN ARLLEF, LLANBEDR
SH595286

 

The fort lies on a small but locally prominent hill at an altitude of 180m (500ft). It is interesting because although so far undated it may be a very early example of defended settlement, perhaps as early as 1000 BC (Late Bronze Age), characterized by very slight defences.  It should be approached from the east side of the hill. On that side is the entrance to the fort and leading towards it, up the hillside is a most unusual feature, an ‘avenue’ or corridor defined by boulder lines, starting at the foot of the hill. The entrance is simple and emphasised by stronger defence work as in many other forts. The defences of the fort itself consist of just a single wall around the natural scarp edge of the hill top, enclosing an area of 0.4ha (1 acre). The wall is now mostly collapsed but there are traces of laid outer facing. There are no signs of houses within the fort suggesting that it was just a place of refuge, not permanent settlement. At the southern edge of the fort thee is another unusual feature. There is a gap in the enclosure wall and nearby are two small cairns. Alternative explanations for this are either that the fort was unfinished or that a start was made on dismantling it. Another idea is that the cairns cover burials relating to the fort and its defeat or abandonment. The area around the fort was well settled in prehistoric times, exemplified by the presence of several small circular homesteads of Iron Age type. At Gwern Einion is a Neolithic chambered tomb and not far from there a Late Bronze Age shield was found during peat cutting in the 19th century.

From the A496 coast road by the Pensarn Railway halt a small narrow and steep road leads east. At the end of the road, park by the roadside, just before Gwern Einion farmhouse. A public footpath leads east and just before Penarth Farm passes by the side of a hill on which is the fort. The fort is on private land but is open and the owner allows access to monument.

Distance: Round trip 1.5km (1 mile)
Difficulty: Easy
Time: 1.5 hours

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