Ysgol yr Hendre, Llanbeblig, Caernarfon

An early medieval cemetery and Roman construction camp

Introduction | Excavation Results | Neolithic Pit | Roman Pit Ovens and Possible Construction Camp | Early Medieval Cemetery

Medieval Features | 19th and 20th Century | Acknowledgements and Further Reading

The Excavation Results

Full excavation revealed a complex series of features, of which the earliest in date was a Neolithic pit containing burnt stone and flint flakes. Though a full history of the site from this time on is difficult to reconstruct, it is likely to have been in agricultural use in the later prehistoric period, when in the late 1st century AD it was chosen by Roman soldiers as a suitable site to build a series of temporary ovens. Following this, during the Roman occupation of Segontium, the area once again seems to have reverted to agricultural use. Sometime after the withdrawal of the Roman troops in AD 393 the site was used as a cemetery. Five enclosed graves were found, and over 40 unenclosed graves. The cemetery is most likely to date from the 5th to the 7th centuries AD. Once again the site reverted to agricultural use, and a corn drier dating from the 11th to 12th centuries AD confirms that grain was being grown here. In the 19th century a small farmstead was established, and later a glasshouse complex was built on part of the site.

Plan of the site and archaeological features with inset showing location of site
in relation to Segontium Roman fort
(© Crown copyright Ordnance Survey. All rights reserved)