Historic Landscape Characterisation

Trawsfynydd - Area 6 Scattered settlement, south-west of Llyn Trawsfynydd (PRN 18272)


© Crown copyright. All rights reserved, Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, 100017916, 2005

Historic background

This area contains eleven or twelve farmsteads, all of which are shown on the Trawsfynydd tithe map (1840), including Ty-cerrig, Muriau-bychan, Tyndrain, Cae Adda, Tyn Twll, Moelfryn uchaf, Moelfryn isaf and Coed y rhygen (mentioned in a mid-17th century poem – see frontispiece). The latter, set amidst a complex of drystone, curvilinear field walls and some woodland on slightly higher ground, are probably 16th or 17th century in date (and are thus amongst the earliest surviving buildings in the project area), while the others occupy the edges of the boggy, lower ground (areas 04 and 07) and have the appearance of being late 18th / early 19th century encroachments on to Crawcwellt Common along the older road to Cefn Clawdd below the mountain scree.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Farmsteads, small enclosures, woodland

This area contains the only occupied settlements west of the Afon Eden (with the single exception of Cefn Clawdd (area 02) and east of the Rhinogau range). They are single farmsteads set within their own field systems. Moelfryn uchaf, Moelfryn isaf and Coed y rhygen (and possibly also Tyn Twll and Cae Adda) are relatively early in date (17th century?) and are set within small complexes of outbuildings: the construction and pattern of their surroundings fields (large and irregular stone walls on sloping ground, often with phases of construction evident), which are all down to improved pasture, as well as the pockets of woodland, also suggest an early date. Ty-cerrig, Muriau-bychan, Muriau-bychan-isaf and Tyndrain look later in date, probably late 18th-early 19th century, and have their farm buildings attached to the end of the house. They are built below a rocky outcrop and at the edge of the bog (area 07). Their surrounding fields, which are all improved, are small and irregular and appear to be contemporary with the farms. The road which runs past them formerly led to Trawsfynydd before the building of the lake (area 05) in the early 20th century.



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