Historic Landscape Characterisation

Mawddach - Area 24 Enclosed upland, Waun Oer (PRN 18354)



Historic background

The Mawddach area was certainly intensively used in the second millennium BC as demonstrated by the presence of two significant concentrations of funerary and ritual monuments typical of that period. One is on the south-facing slopes of Allt Llwyd, near Llwyngwril, the other is on the plateau to the south of the Cregennan Lakes, Arthog. Both areas contain a variety of types of burial monument and the Cregennan area also has a number of standing stones and cup-marked stones. The two areas are linked by an ancient route, the Ffordd Ddu and the Cregennan area is also approached by another route from the west which has been identified as a prehistoric route because it is marked by two rows of standing stones and several burial cairns (Bowen and Gresham, 1967). No actual settlement of that period has yet been identified here and it seems likely that both areas are specialised foci of funerary and ritual activity. The associated settlement may not have been far away, either in the lowland of the coastal plain or valleys or on better-drained slopes just above the coastal plain.

The large, irregular enclosures shown on the 1839 Llangelynnin tithe map are almost exactly as they exist today and almost all are labelled Common'. The area is also shown as being crossed by a number of unenclosed' trackways.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Relict prehistoric archaeology, remote atmosphere

The principal characteristics of the area are the relict (prehistoric) archaeological remains, which are spread out along the former Ffordd Ddu in the northern part of the area along the cliff top. Otherwise, the majority of the area is devoid of much historic interest except for the typical straight, drystone walls, which divide the area up into large, 19th-century enclosures.



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