Historic Landscape Characterisation

Dysynni Valley – Area 6 Bryncrug PRN 28655


The general store at Bryncrug



Historical background

The village of Bryncrug is identified as a Medieval township and is situated at a point where Cefn Gaer to Pennal Roman road and its successor, the Medieval road past Domen Dreiniog, cross the Afon Fathew. It is shown on the Tywyn tithe map of 1842 and on an estate map of 1860 as three small settlements, based on Pont Fathew (SH 6089 0333), Perthi Citiau (SH 6089 0311) and Pont y Felindre (SH 6138 0309), which are likely to have expanded with the opening of the Talyllyn Railway in 1866, which would have enabled it to become a dormitory settlement for Bryneglwys quarrymen and their families. It has continued to expand as a suburb of Tywyn in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century.

Most of the land belonged to Ynysymaengwyn but it seems also to have enjoyed the patronage of Peniarth estate on the evidence of the large ‘Peniarth' hotel of 1901. The village seems to have developed in an ad-hoc way with little sense of an estate pattern of architecture being imposed on it.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Nineteenth century village

Bryncrug is situated on the main coastal road on the Afon Fathew, near its confluence with the Dysynni, and is made up of buildings that are largely nineteenth to twentieth century in date, as such it contrasts strongly with the more vernacular character of Llanegryn. The Peniarth Arms Hotel is the dominant building of the village, mainly built of squared stone but with brick chimneys and ceramic chimney pots. On each side of it are small Victorian terraced houses. The church is also nineteenth century.

A feature of the village is the attractive general store and newsagent's facing the bridge for travellers leaving Tywyn. The proportions are vernacular, and it includes five of the distinctive Merioneth dormer windows on the top floor but it is built mainly out of slate rags, suggesting a date in the 1840s, when Bryneglwys quarry moved into production, or later.

Other nineteenth century dwellings in the village have been pebbledashed and it is not possible to identify the building material.

There are some late-twentieth century housing estates in the village.


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