Historic Landscape Characterisation

Dysynni Valley – Area 11 Upper slopes PRN 28660


The unenclosed upper slopes are visible across the valley



Historical background

This is an area broadly similar to area 10, but less developed, and historically exploited as a sheep-walk. It includes the historic crown ffridd (sheepwalk) of Mynydd Pennant, which before the Conquest would have been an important component of the medieval administrative landscape in the hand of the prince although see area 14, since it is possible that the ffridd extended to the upper part of area 1, and around Castell y Bere (area 14); given that these were not an incidental or purely seasonal resource, it is perhaps more appropriate to consider these hafotiroedd (summer-lands – seasonally-occupied upland holdings) or ffriddoedd as cattle ranches, ranging from the valley floors to the high summer pastures. It is likely that the one settlement, Hafotty Gwastadfryn, represents enclosure of the sixteenth century as an upland colony of the lower-lying farm Gwastadfryn, which lies at the inland peak of area 1.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Upland landscape of minimal human habitation

This area includes part of the Cadair Idris SSSI (CCW ref. SSSI ‘Cadair Idris' 31 WMT ). It is made up of upland and appears within the post-Medieval period at least to have been devoid of permanent settlement with the exception of Hafotty Gwastadfryn at SH 6779 1220. It is crossed by a number of upland tracks used by farmers. It closes off the upper part of the Dysynni valley above area 10 around Llanfihangel y Pennant church.



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