Historic Landscape Characterisation

Creuddyn and Arllechwedd – Area 22 Bryn Pydew PRN 15805


SH 813790 looking north. Showing the elevated nature of the prominent limestone ridge, with conspicuous disused quarries and settlements, which rises above the more open, enclosed landscape of Creuddyn (area 6)



Historical background

This east-west limestone ridge includes the houses Marl and Bodysgallen, and a letter small nucleated settlement on its summit. It is characterised by winding lanes and small fields, and there has been some quarrying.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Small, irregular nineteenth century enclosures and settlement, winding lanes, hillside quarries, Bodysgallen gardens.

Bryn Pydew is shown on the tithe map as a distinctive area of relatively small, irregular enclosures each with its individual house set around winding lanes within the heart of an area of common. This pattern underlies the current appearance of the landscape of this area, although all the surrounding land is now enclosed. The fields, which are now mainly down to pasture (horses rather than sheep), are characteristically bounded by hedges (some with trees), although there are some coursed limestone walls. There are areas of old woodland, especially on the north-western slopes.

The settlement pattern is chiefly nineteenth century cottages, with some nucleation around the central ‘village green' where there is a chapel among the houses, although no shop or other ‘services'. Modern in-filling has distorted the original pattern of scattered cottages, and altered much of the vernacular appearance of the area.

There are no known sites of relict archaeological interest in the area.

There are a number of quarries dotted along the sides of the limestone ridge, many overgrown but still significant features. Their historical significance lies in the fact that they provided stone for Telford 's bridge across the Conwy.

The patterns of winding lanes and footpaths appear to follow that established by the mid-nineteenth century: there are no recent roads or realignments. There is a single World War II pillbox in the area, looking down the Conwy Valley .

The grade I register park and garden of Bodysgallen (with exceptional terraced gardens, chiefly eighteenth and nineteenth century with an earlier core, remarked on Pennant) falls within the area, as does the significant post-medieval house and land of Marl . The obelisk on Bodysgallen land is a significant landscape marker.





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