Historic Landscape Characterisation

Creuddyn and Arllechwedd – Area 20 Unenclosed mountain PRN 15818


SH 710640 looking west. Showing the nature of the open mountain landscape rising beyond the enclosed uplands (area 9).



Historical background

The unenclosed mountains reach a height of 1064m above OD at the summit of Carnedd Llewelyn. Evidence survives of Prehistoric settlement at Pant y Griafolen, alongside the Afon Dulyn, and in more recent times this area has been used for water-collection for domestic use and for the industrial complex at Dolgarrog (area 18), limited mineral exploitation and peat-digging on the Fawnog Du.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Remoteness, sheepfolds, peat cutting, mineral extraction

A remote upland area of considerable unspoiled, natural beauty, dominated by the peaks of Pen Llithrig y Wrach, Carnedd Llewelyn, Foel Grach and Foel-fras. There is nevertheless prehistoric settlement in the high river valley, as well as evidence for post-medieval animal husbandry in the form of sheepfolds. The area was exploited in the 19th century for peat cutting (there are extensive remains of turbary on Y Gledrffordd) and mineral extraction.



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