Historic Landscape Characterisation

Creuddyn and Arllechwedd – Area 14 Bryn y Neuadd and lowland coastal plain PRN 15816


SH 677746 looking south. Showing the edge of Bryn y Neuadd park and garden (on the Cadw Register) in the foreground (the white buildings are the hospital), with the enclosed, Victorian, managed landscape clearly visible beyond.



Historical background

This lowland area formed the immediate estate of Plas Bryn y Neuadd, built by the Roberts family in the seventeenth century who then bankrupted themselves trying to rebuild it in 1832; in 1857 it was sold to John Platt of Oldham . Platt's fortune came from the manufacture of cotton machinery, and despite his political radicalism he was not slow in setting himself up as a member of county society. He actively developed the tourist potential of the area, mainly at Llanfairfechan His family remained owners of Bryn y Neuadd until 1898 and of the Gorddinog estate until 1956. Bryn y Neuadd was sold to St Andrew's Hospital of Northampton , and the plas demolished in 1967.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Parkland , copses, slate fences, ornamental iron railings

The lower part of the landscape, between the main road and the coastline, is dominated by Bryn y Neuadd itself, where several of the demesne buildings and historic garden features survive, even though the house itself has been replaced by a functional office block. The nineteenth century gentry house of Madryn and the huge Neo-Norman Penrhyn castle are visible from here.

To the south of the main road, improved pasture predominates, and the area is visibly still a highly managed landscape which preserves the feel of a Victorian estate, such as the fenced copses in the fields. Field boundaries are made up either of locally quarried stone or fences of purple slate slab, probably from Penrhyn Quarry - not a vernacular feature in this immediate area and probably the result of a conscious decision by the Platt family, with their strong personal links to the Penrhyn estate. Dwellings include Llwyn Ysgolaig, perhaps for a senior estate worker, and to the south a row of workers' cottages, two-storey with dormer windows. A feature of the area is ornamental iron railings.





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