Historic Landscape Characterisation

Caernarfon/Nantlle – Area 5 Llandwrog PRN 15704


The public house (Ty'n Llan or The Harp) in the centre of the village, with the churchyard wall to the right and the end of one of the terraces of houses just visible in the background.



Historical background

A gentry-sponsored estate village, dominated by its large Victorian church, built on the site of an early Christian foundation. The Ty'n Llan (Harp) hotel appears to date from the early nineteenth century, and follows the distinctive local hotel pattern, also exemplified on a much larger scale at the Oakeley Arms, Maentwrog, of a main range from which three parallel ranges extend towards the street. The row of tai uncorn on the road from Llandwrog to the main Caernarfon to Pwllheli road are believed to have been constructed in the early nineteenth-century, possibly after the second Lord Newborough assumed his majority in 1823, but the most other buildings, including the large Kennedy-designed church of 1860, are later.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Planned settlement, with distinctive tai uncorn and cottage ornée styles

The village is built around the large Kennedy-designed church of 1860, and appears to have housed Glynllifon estate staff and pensioned servants. The almshouses and public house shows marked 'polite' influence, and the row of tai uncorn (one-chimney houses) is typical of Glynllifon architecture; an adaptation of a renaissance gentry design, deriving in Welsh terms from Bachegraig, as a cottage ornée, with deliberate rustic features and grouped together in a row. Recent housing developments have increased the size of the village to the west. The village has a distinctly non-Welsh feel to it, not least in the absence of a nonconformist chapel, though ironically it has become a stronghold of Welsh nationalism .


Back to Caernarfon-Nantlle Landscape Character Map


Visit our social network sites
Ymwelwch a'n safleoedd rhwydwaith cymdeithasol