Historic Landscape Characterisation

Caernarfon/Nantlle – Area 4 Groeslon PRN 15703


Aerial view of the village looking south-east showing the two main roads along which the settlement developed. The road up to Carmel is clearly shown, as is the subsequent estate development concentrated to the right (south). The new (2000) A487 Llanllyfni-Penygroes by-pas (alluded to in the text) is under construction in the foreground.



Historical background

A nineteenth-century village which takes its name from the point where the Llandwrog to Moel Tryfan road (Lôn Cefn Glyn) crosses the Porthmadog to Caernarfon road and the Nantlle railway and its successors. The earliest buildings appear to have been a smithy and a public house/railway station, established in the 1840s or ‘50s, shortly followed by other buildings along the road. In the 1870s and 1880s more substantial buildings were constructed according to the specification of the Newborough estate, mainly on the Lôn Cefn Glyn.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Settlement, railway junction

The earlier buildings are largely stone-built. The later ones include some brickwork, variously yellow, red or polychromatic, either as quoins or as chimneys or in some cases as the major building material. Particularly marked are the impressive late nineteenth-century yellow-brick shops, ‘Gladstone House' and ‘Rathbone House' (SH47495586). The work of the Dolydd-based architectural practice is evident here in the later nineteenth-century buildings. There has been considerable modern estate development. The construction of the by-pass (scheduled for completion late 2001) will relieve the present main road of much of its traffic.


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