Historic Landscape Characterisation

Caernarfon/Nantlle – Area 36 Arfon plateau PRN 15735


This aerial view, which looks south, gives a good impression of the mosaic of fields and scatter of small farms which characterise this low-lying, flat area. Bontnewydd (area 20) is on the left edge of the shot, with the mountains behind.



Historical background

The rolling landscape of the Arfon plateau is made up of largely improved pasture, most of which was formerly Vaynol land. The pattern of substantial nineteenth-century farmhouses and outbuildings is typical of the estate. Relict prehistoric settlements (hut groups and small forts) are dotted across the landscape, usually in the corners of fields, and some fields display a curvilinear pattern characteristic of this period.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Lowland plain, some relict archaeology

A wide area of disparate character, with the most prominent features being large enclosures and scattered farmsteads. Farmhouses and outbuildings are mostly nineteenth-century estate construction, soundly built. The farm buildings are in many cases arranged on the courtyard plan.



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