Historic Landscape Characterisation

Caernarfon/ Nantlle – Area 25 Moel Tryfan – lower slopes PRN 15724


The prehistoric origins of this fieldscape are clearly visible in the irregular patterns centred on the excavated concentric-circle settlement of Llwyn-du Bach (centre, under bracken).



Historical background

The field patterns show origins in the late prehistoric period, and there is substantial evidence for settlement and farming of that period. Interestingly, relatively few 'long huts' survive in the area and there is little evidence for medieval activity, and much of the settlement and many of the field walls which characterise the current landscape date from the nineteenth century.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Irregular and curvilinear enclosures, relict archaeological sites, scattered settlement

The west-facing lower slopes of Moel Tryfan, below the mountain wall which formerly demarcated the commons here. This landscape is made up largely of pre-modern field systems, whose irregular pattern contrasts markedly with the geometric organisation of the post-1798 enclosures on the commons, though in a number of places there is evidence for much smaller fields laid out in the nineteenth century on surviving patches of common land on these lower slopes. Buildings are a mixture of estate-built farmhouses and vernacular rural dwellings, with some short 2-storey rows. Construction material is local field stone though there is some use of yellow brick as quoins, becoming less prevalent further away from the site of the former Groeslon station.



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