Historic Landscape Characterisation

Caernarfon/Nantlle – Area 14 Mynydd Cilgwyn-Moel Tryfan-Moel Smytho PRN 15713


This aerial view, looking north east, shows the unenclosed tops of Mynydd y Cilgwyn, in the foreground, and Moel Tryfan, in the distance, separated by part of area 20, Moel Tryfan enclosures, and Fron (area 21).



Historical background

Crown commons, too high to merit extensive cultivation, and used largely as sheep-walks. The summit of Mynydd Cilgwyn is the traditional burial place of St Twrog.


Key historic landscape characteristics

Unenclosed uplands, parciau, empty cottages, disused slate quarries

Moorland largely beyond the limits of nineteenth-century cultivation, though with some parciau (enclosures) as individual islands of settlement. Some of the dwellings have been abandoned, others rebuilt, and they are often surrounded by trees. There are extensive slate quarries here, all now disused. The rail access systems include both inclines and sinuous contour railways, illustrating the evolution of this particular technology in the period 1860-1880. Tradition connects the paths that run east-west over the area with cattle droving.


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