Historic Landscape Characterisation

Arfon - Area 26 Bangor

© Crown copyright. All rights reserved, Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, 100017916, 2005

Historic background

The city of Bangor; a Medieval urban core which has expanded since the early seventeenth century. The winding High Street and the area around the Cathedral reflect the pattern of Early Christian settlement. Bangor is particularly rich in architecture of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was a pioneer of attractive social housing in the inter-war years.

Key historic landscape characteristics

Medieval ‘Bangor’ visible in street plan, urban housing, university buildings, seafront

The main historic artery through Bangor, the High Street, is long and straggling, much of it run down, part of it pedestrianised.

Building materials are various. There is practically exclusive use of purple Arfon slates, with the exception of the Pembrokeshire slates on the main University building (recently patched with green Nantlle slates). Stone is mainly local, though there is extensive use of Aberdeen granite in places, and Hare’s University building makes use of Scottish freestone. There is some use of brick in some of the larger institutional buildings, such as the post office and the town library.

The area around the University constitutes an attractive middle-class suburb, run down in places.

The suburbs on Penrhosgarnedd include an attractive variety of buildings in places. Bangor’s social housing, established in a number of locations from the 1920s onwards for the most part display an attractive variety of styles.

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