This area is similar in many ways to area 37, in that it contains some extensive, well-preserved relict archaeological remains comprising prehistoric settlements still visibly set within their fieldscape context: in paces these remains are of more than one period. However, the present field pattern here is more open, consisting of larger fields, some of which are in regular patterns showing post-medieval re-organisation. Llanllechid itself is a small partially-nucleated settlement dating from the post 1830s, but otherwise the settlement pattern is of large, dispersed farms. The slate quarry at Bryn Hafod-y-Wern is a prominent landscape feature: possibly with origins in the medieval period, it really only took off after 1830 and is noted for its use of water-power (although ironically it shut down after Lord Penhryn deprived it of its water supply).
Key historic landscape characteristics
Relict archaeology, slate quarry, dispersed farms
The area is differentiated from area 39 largely because it retains a more complex, and older, set of fields, with no overall, consistent pattern, but also because it contains a number of major sites of relict archaeological interest. The settlement pattern is one of large, scattered farms, with small (late) nucleations.